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Primary Sources

Appanah, Nathacha. Tropique de la violence. Paris: Gallimard, 2016.

Bergvall, Caroline. Drift. New York: Nightboat Books, 2014.

Brian, Tara, and Frank Laczko. Fatal Journeys: Tracking Lives Lost during Migration. International Organization for Migration, 2014. 

Butler, Judith. Precarious Life: the Powers of Mourning and Violence, 2006. New York: Verso Edition, 2020.


Cattaneo, Cristina. Naufragés sans visage. Trans. by Pauline Colonna d'Istria (Original publication in Italian in 2018). Paris: Albin Michel, 2019.


Cecilia Chen. “Mapping Waters: Thinking with Watery Places.” Thinking with Water. McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2013, pp. 274.

Curtin, Philip D. Death by Migration: Europe’s Encounter with the Tropical World in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge University Press. 2010.

Cuttitta, Last, Cuttitta, Paolo, and Last, Tamara. Border Deaths : Causes, Dynamics and Consequences of Migration-related Mortality. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2019. 

D'Aguiar, Fred. Feeding the Ghosts. Hopewell, N.Y.: Ecco Press, 1997.

Danticat, Edwidge. Krik? Krak!. New York: Soho Press, 1995.

Danticat, Edwidge. Brother, I’m Dying. New York: Knopf, 2007. 

Danticat, Edwidge. Create Dangerously the Immigrant Artist at Work. Princeton University Press, 2010.

Danticat, Edwidge. The Art of Death. Writing the Final Story. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2017.

Danticat, Edwidge. Everything Inside. New York: Knopf, 2019.

De Genova. The Borders of "Europe" : Autonomy of Migration, Tactics of Bordering. Durham: Duke University Press, 2017. 

De Leon, Wells, De León, and Wells, Michael. The Land of Open Graves : Living and Dying on the Migrant Trail. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 2015.

De Souza Carl. Ceux qu’on jette à la mer. Paris: Éditions de l’Olivier, 2001.

Devi, Ananda. Ceux du large. Paris: Bruno Doucet, 2017.

Eng, David L. and David Kazanjian, ed.  Loss: The Politics of Mourning. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press, 2003. 


Espinet, Ramabai. The Swinging Bridge. Toronto: HarperCollins, 2003.

Gatens, Moira. Imaginary Bodies: Ethics, Power and Corporeality. New York, Routledge, 1996.

Goyal, Yogita. Runaway Genres - The Global Afterlives of Slavery. New York: NYU Press, 2019.


Gunaratnam, Yasmin. Death and the Migrant: Bodies, Borders and Care. London: Bloomsbury Plc, 2013.

Khan, Ausma Zehanat. A Dangerous Crossing. New York: Minotaur Books, 2018.

Latham, Krista E. and Alyson J. O’Daniel. Sociopolitics of Migrant Death and Repatriation: Perspectives from Forensic Science. Springer. 2018.

Lazali, Karima. Le trauma colonial : Une enquête sur les effets psychiques et politiques de l’oppression coloniale en Algérie. Paris: La Découverte, 2018.


Longazel, Jamie, and Miranda Cady Hallett. Migration and Mortality: Social Death, Dispossession, and Survival in the Americas. Temple University Press, 2021.

Mbembe, Achille. Necropolitics. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2019.  


Mbembe, Achille. Brutalisme. Paris: La Découverte, 2020.


McGuire, Randall H ; Sheridan, Thomas E. The Border and Its Bodies: The Embodiment of Risk Along the U.S.-México Line. University of Arizona Press, 2019.

Medina, Jose. The Epistemology of Resistance: Gender and Racial Oppression, Epistemic Injustice, and the Social Imagination. New York: Oxford UP, 2013.


Mendoza, Paola and Abby Sher. Sanctuary. New York: Putnam, 2020. 

Moore, Jason W. Capitalism in the Web of Life: Ecology and the Accumulation of Capital. Verso Books, 2015.


Mootoo, Shani. Moving Forward Sideways like a Crab. Toronto: Akashik Books, 2017.

Ondaatje, Michael. Anil's Ghost. Toronto: M&S, 2000.

Sánchez, Jenny Torres. We Are Not from Here. New York: Philomel Books, 2020. 


Shamsie, Kamila. Home Fire. New York: Riverhead Books, 2017.

Sharpe, Christina. In the Wake: On Blackness and Being. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 2016.  


Shinebourne, Jan Lowe. The Last Ship. Leeds: Peepal Tree Press, 2015.

Sinn, Elizabeth. Pacific Crossing: California Gold, Chinese Migration and the Making of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: HKU Press, 2013. 


Squire, Vicki. Europe's Migration Crisis : Border Deaths and Human Dignity. Cambridge University Press, 2020. 

Stepputat, Finn. Governing the Dead: Sovereignty and the Politics of Dead Bodies. Manchester University Press. 2020.

Tuana, N, and S. Sullivan, eds. Race and Epistemologies of Ignorance. Albany: SUNY, 2007.


Unnikrishnan, Deepak. Temporary People. New York: Restless Books, 2017.



Secondary Sources

Aalberts, Tanja E, and Gammeltoft-Hansen, Thomas. “Sovereignty at Sea: The Law and Politics of Saving Lives in Mare Liberum.” Journal of International Relations and Development, vol. 17, no. 4, 2014, pp. 439–468.

Afiouni, Nada. “The Death of Muslim Immigrant in Britain and France.” The Politics of Ethnic Diversity in the British Isles, Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2014, pp. 74–89. 

Afiouni, Nada. “La Gestion Du Pluralisme Funéraire En France Et En Grande-Bretagne. Les Enjeux Politiques, Législatifs Et Identitaires.” Diversité Urbaine, vol. 18, 2018, pp. 31–45., doi:


Afiouni, Nada. “Transformations des lieux d’inhumation des musulmans dans le Grand Londres.” Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée, vol. 146, 2019.

Afiouni, Nada, et al. “Muslim Cemeteries and Politics of Belonging. A Comparative Case Study of France, Finland and the UK.” AEMI Journal, vol. 17-18, 2020, pp. 51–71. 

Alonso, Alexandra Délano and Benjamin Nienass. “Introduction: Borders and the Politics of Mourning.” Social Research: An International Quarterly, vol. 83, no. 2, 2016, pp. xix-xxxi. Project MUSE


Bleiker, Roland, et al. “The Visual Dehumanisation of Refugees.” Australian Journal of Political Science, vol. 48, no. 4, 2013, pp. 398–416.

Butler, Judith and Kambouri, Nelly, “Judith Butler — Ungrievable Lives” Monthly Review, 21 May 2009,

Carling, Jorgen. “The Human Dynamics of Migrant Transnationalism.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 31, no.8, 2008, pp. 1452–77.

Catani, Maurizio. ‘Le transnational et les migrations.’ Peuples méditerranéens, no. 35‑36, 1986, pp. 149‑64.

Chakraborty, Mridula Nath. “Leaving no remains: Death Among the Bengalis in Jhumpa Lahiri’s Fiction” South Atlantic Quarterly: SAQ, vol. 110, no. 4, 2019, pp.813-829.

Danewid, Ida. “White Innocence in the Bklack Mediterranean: Hospitality and the Erasure of History” Third World Quarterly, vol. 38, no. 7, 2017, pp. 1674-1689.


Gilbert, Samuel. “My Neighbourhood Is Being Destroyed to Pacify His Supporters.” The Guardian, 16 January 2021,


Gomis, Elsa, “Ready-made Tribute to Victims Cannot Replace Deep-seated Exchange of Looks” Glasgow Refugee Asylum and Migration Network (GRAMNet) Blog,

Halsouet, Béatrice, and Lilyane Rachédi, eds. Quand la mort frappe l’immigrant : Défis et adaptations. Pluralismes. Montréal: Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 2018.

Heller, Charles, and Antoine Pécoud. “Compter Les Morts Aux Frontières: Des Contre-Statistiques de La Société Civile à La Récupération (Inter) Gouvernementale.” Revue Européenne Des Migrations Internationales, vol. 33, no. 2&3, 2017, pp. 63–90.

Joly, Daniele. “Associations amongst the Pakistani Population in Britain.” Immigrant Associations in Europe, Edited by John Rex et al., 1987, pp. 62–85.

Joseph, Pugliese. “Bodies of Water.” Heat: Literary International, vol. 12, 2006, pp. 13–20. 

Khellil, Mohand. L´exile Kabyle : Essai d´analyse du vécu des migrants. Paris: L´Harmattan, 1979.

Kleist, J. Olaf. “Remembering for Refugees in Australia: Political Memories and Concepts of Democracy in Refugee Advocacy Post-Tampa.” Journal of Intercultural Studies, vol. 34, no. 6, 2013, pp. 665-683.

Kobelinsky, Carolina, and Stefan Le Courant. La Mort aux Frontières de l’Europe : Retrouver, Identifier, Commémorer. Le Passager clandestin, 2017.

Lacroix, Thomas. “Le Transnationalisme. Espace, Temps, Politique.” Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, Université de Marne La Vallée, 2018.

Lestage, Françoise. “Éditorial : La mort en migration.” Revue européenne des migrations internationales, vol. 28, no. 3, 2012, pp. 7–12.

Loichot, Valerie. Water Graves : The Art of the Unritual in the Greater Caribbean. Richmond, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2020.

Mackenzie, C, W. Rogers and S. Dodds. “Introduction: What Is Vulnerability and Why Does It Matter for Moral Theory?” Vulnerability: New Essays in Ethics and Feminist Philosophy, ed. C. Mackenzie, W. Rogers and S. Dodds. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2014, pp. 1-29.

Malkki, Liisa. “Speechless Emissaries: Refugees, Humanitarianism, and Dehistoricization.” Cultural Anthropology, vol. 11, no. 3, 1996, pp. 377-404. 

McCaffrey, Enda and Wilson, Steven. “French Thanatology.” L’Esprit Créateur , vol. 61, no. 1, 2021.

Meyer, Apolline. “Babels, La mort aux frontières de l’Europe” Hommes & migrations, vol. 1323, no. 4, 2018.

“Missing Migrants: Tracking Deaths Along Migratory Routes.” International Organisation for Migration (IOM), 

Moya, Jose C. “Immigrants and Associations : A Global and Historical Perspective.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, vol. 31, no. 5, 2005, pp. 833–64.


Ogilvie, Bertrand. L’Homme jetable : Essai sur l’exterminisme et la violence extrême. Paris: Amsterdam, 2012.


Page, Ben. “Slow Going: The Mortuary and the Hometown Association in Bali-Nyonga, Cameroon.” Africa, vol. 77, no. 3, 2007, pp. 419–41.

Perraudin, Frances and Dodd, Vikram. “ISIS Briton Shamima Begum pleads to return to UK after giving birth.” The Guardian, 18 February 2019, https://www.

Sapkota, Sanjeeb, Harold W. Kohl III, Julie Gilchrist, Jay McAuliffe, Bruce Parks, Bob England, Tim Flood, C. Mack Sewell, Dennis Perrotta, and Miguel Escobedo. “Unauthorized Border Crossings and Migrant Deaths: Arizona, New Mexico, and El Paso, Texas, 2002–2003.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 96, no. 7, 2006, pp. 1282–1287.

Wilmott, Annabelle C. “The Politics of Photography: Visual Depictions of Syrian Refugees in U.K. Online Media.” Visual Communication Quarterly, vol. 24, no. 2, 2017, pp. 67-82. 




14 Kilómetros. Directed by Gerardo Olivares, 2007.

Atlantique. Directed by Mati Diop, 2019. 

Biutiful. Directed by Iñárritu, González, 2011.

The People Behind the Scenes. Directed by Elsa Gomis, 2019.

The Left-To-Die Boat. Directed by Charles Heller, 2012.

La Pirogue. Directed by Moussa Touré, 2012.

Le Temps des égarés. Directed by Virginie Sauveur, 2017.

Le Voyage dans la boîte. Directed by Amine Sabir, 2014.

Retorno a Hansala. Directed by Chus Gutiérrez, 2008.


Graphic Novels and webcomics


Abirached, Zeina. Mourir, partir, revenir : Le jeu des hirondelles. Paris : Cambourakis, 2017.

Colfer, Eoin, et al. Illegal: a Graphic Novel Telling One Boy's Epic Journey to Europe. Hachette Children's Group, 2018. 

Dürr, Morten, and Lars Horneman.  Zenobia. Triangle Square, 2018. 

Greder, Armin. The Mediterranean. Allen & Unwin, 2018.

Hosseini, Khaled. Sea Prayer. Riverhead Books, 2018.

Le, Nam. The Boat, adapted by Matt Huynh. SBS, 2009.

Masson, Charles. Droit du Sol. Tournai: Casterman, 2009.

Nazarro, Sergio. Mediterraneo. Round Robin Editrice, 2018.

Pollock, Lindsay. A Perilous Journey, Hasko. PositiveNegatives, London: UK. 2015.

Stassen, Jean-Philippe. Comb Jesus et Autres Reportages Africains. Paris: Futuropolis, 2015.

Zabus, Vincent & Hippolyte. Les Ombres. Paris: Phébus, 2013.





Lazali, Karima, Absent-e-s et survivant-e-s : Documenter l’effacement, conference held at Le Bal, Paris, 2019.




Art works

Adel Abdessemed, Hope, 2011-2012.

Cennetoğlu, Banu, The List, 1993-2018.

“Documenting Migrant Deaths in the Mediterranean: In Pictures.” The Guardian, 8 June 2019,

Edwards, Stuart. “Photos, Clothes and Bones: Identifying Migrants Lost at Sea.” WORLDCRUNCH, 22 Nov 2018,

Enrique Ramirez, Incertains, 2020.


Hostile terrain 94.

Persona Grata, 16 Oct, 2018 - 24 Feb, 2019. MAC VAL, France.

Sink Without Trace: Exhibition on Migrant Deaths at Sea, 13 Jun. 2019 - 13 Jul 2019. P21 Gallery, London.

Soliman, Francesca. “In the Name of Art? The Commercialization of Migrant Deaths.” Border Criminologies Blog, 4 Jun 2019,

The Warmth of Other Suns: Stories of Global Displacement, 22 Jun, 2019 - 22 Sep, 2019. The Phillips Collection, Washington.

Undocumented Migration Project.
( : video Introducing the Undocumented Migration Project & Hostile Terrain 94 with Jason De León, Michael Wells, Austin, Shipman, Nicole Smith, and Gabriel Canter. )

When Home Won’t Let You Stay show, 5 Feb, 2021–30 May, 2021. Cantor Arts Center, Stanford.

Ziegler, Zac. “Artist Makes Marking Migrant Death Sites his Mission.” KNAU, 3 May 2019,

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